Domestic and family violence in pregnancy and early parenthood
This paper provides an overview of the issues relevant to understanding domestic and family violence during pregnancy and then examines implications for practice and some promising interventions for responding to domestic and family violence and preventing future violence.
- Women are at an increased risk of experiencing violence from an intimate partner during pregnancy.
- If domestic and family violence already exists, it is likely to increase in severity during pregnancy.
- Young women, aged 18–24 years, are more likely to experience domestic and family violence during pregnancy.
- Unintended pregnancy is often an outcome of an existing abusive relationship.
- Poor birth outcomes (such as low birth weight, premature birth) and post-natal depression are associated with domestic and family violence during pregnancy.
- The long-term effects of exposure to domestic and family violence in utero are just emerging.
- There are several promising interventions for preventing and reducing violence during pregnancy.
- Pregnancy and early parenthood are opportune times for early intervention as women are more likely to have contact with health and other professionals.
Download the Domestic and Family Violence in Pregnancy and Early Parenthood – Overview and Emerging Interventions paper by Monica Campo